Petroleum Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi in a recent meeting of the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC), Pakistan’s highest economic decision-making body, revealed that the standard petrol used by the majority of Pakistanis is of such low grade that it is only consumed in Somalia in the world.
Quality of petrol is measured in the amount of octane, normally indexed as the Research Octane Number (RON). The higher the octane number, the better the performance of a gasoline engine.
While fuel filling stations across Pakistan continue to sell RON 87 petrol as standard, the world moved ahead years ago with almost all countries now running at least on RON 92 petrol. Modern automobiles are designed to operate on RON 92 or even higher rated gasoline. Use of low-octane petrol in such cars leads to engine knocking & sub-optimal performance.
Officials say the Pakistani refineries produce poor quality petrol and the same quality is imported by the state-run Pakistan State Oil (PSO). International oil suppliers, they allege, export poor quality petrol to only Pakistan and Somalia and this is the reason the vehicles give low mileage and are inefficient.
According to the minutes of the ECC meeting, the petroleum minister said Pakistan needed to improve the quality and standard of the petroleum products being produced by local refineries and also the ones imported by oil marketing companies.
After detailed discussions, the ECC accepted the minister’s suggestion to stop the import of petrol below RON 92 from the next import cycle and allowed the oil marketing companies to import RON 92 petrol under the existing regulated environment.
The refineries, the ECC decided, will produce RON 90 gasoline. The Attock Refinery was exempted from the condition for two years and would continue producing the RON 87 till it reduces its surplus naptha production.
The pricing and import of RON 95/97 (HOBC) shall be fully deregulated for all refineries and oil marketing companies. The price difference between RON 87 and RON 92 petrol comes to about Rs 2.74 per liter. However, the actual import cost and the price difference may vary from time to time according to the fluctuations in international oil prices. The Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority will monitor the selling price of RON 92 petrol as it does for the currently available RON 87 gasoline.
from The Express Tribune